Optics: Medieval and Early Modern Times, Punctum Caecum series, 2016-2017

Optics: Medieval and Early Modern Times, Punctum Caecum series, 2016-2017

above: Ocular iv; detail

Alhazen and Kepler, Punctum Caecum series, 2016

Using wood, plexiglass, graphite and silkscreen  I create pages of a book that are unbound. These pages contain information on subject of optics from various times; the drawing of the eye by Alhazen (Arab scientist, 11th c.) and Kepler’s diagram of the eye (German astronomer, 17th c.) are juxtaposed. I then add a telescope and magnifiers to these pages that are the result of these two scientists’ research and theories.

Ocular-1

Ocular i & ii, 2015, silkscreen on plexiglass, graphite on wood and magnifier, 12.5”x 8.5”x  1”
A Tribute to Kepler and Alhazen on Optics

O2

Ocular iii & iv, 2015, silkscreen on plexiglass, graphite on wood and magnifier, 12.5”x 8.5”x  1”
A Tribute to Kepler and Alhazen on Optics

Ocular-i-iv-detail

Research:

Al-and-Kepler
Left: Alhazen, 11th c., Arab, a page from his manuscript on optics
Right: Kepler, 17th c., German, a page from his manuscript on optics

“Alhazen’s most famous work is his seven-volume treatise on optics Kitab al-Manazir (Book of Optics), written from 1011 to 1021. Alhazen studied the process of sight, the structure of the eye, image formation in the eye, and the visual system. Alhazen’s Book of Optics influenced the Perspectivists in Europe, Roger Bacon, Witelo, and Peckham. The Optics was incorporated into Risner’s 1572 printing of Opticae Thesaurus, through which Kepler finally resolved the contradictions inherent in a Ptolemaic explanation of the imaging chain, from external object to the retina of the eye”